of the Sabbath
1. WHEN and by whom was the Sabbath made?
"Thus the heavens and the
earth were finished, and all the
host of them. And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had
made; and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had
made." Gen. 2:1,2.
2. After resting on the seventh day, what did God do?
"And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it
He had rested from all His work which God created and made." Verse 3.
3. By what three distinct acts, then, was the Sabbath made?
on it; He blessed it; He sanctified it.
Sanctify: "To make sacred or holy; to set apart to a holy or religious use."-Webster.
4. Did Christ have anything to do with creation and the making of the
"All things were made by Him; and without Him was not anything made
that was made." John 1:3. See also Eph. 3:9; Col. 1:16; Heb. 1:2.
NOTE.-Christ, being the active agent in creation, must have rested on
the seventh day with the Father. It is therefore His rest day as well as
5. For whom does Christ say the Sabbath was
"And He said unto them, The Sabbath was made for man, and
not man for the Sabbath." Mark 2:27.
NOTE.-It was not made for the Jews alone. The Jews derive their name
from Judah, one of the twelve sons of Jacob, from whom they are descended. The
Sabbath was made more than two thousand years before
there was a Jew. When Paul says, "Neither was the man created for the
woman; but the woman for the man" (1 Cor. 11:9), we understand him to
mean that marriage was ordained of God for all men. So likewise with
the Sabbath. It was made for the race.
6. What does the Sabbath commandment require?
"Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labor,
and do all thy work: but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy
God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy
daughter, thy man servant, nor thy maid servant, nor thy cattle, nor
thy stranger that is within thy gates." Ex. 20:8-10.
7. What reason is given in the commandment for keeping the Sabbath day
"For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that
in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day,
and hallowed it." Verse 11.
Sabbath is the memorial of creation, and the sign of
God's creative power. Through the keeping of it God designed that man
should forever remember Him as the true and living God, the Creator
of all things.
8. Did God bless and sanctify the seventh day while He was resting upon
it, or when His rest on that day was past?
"And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in
it He HAD rested from all His work which God created and made." Gen.
and sanctified the seventh day then future,
answering to the day on which He had just rested. The acts of blessing
and sanctifying involve the idea of a future use of those things which
are blessed and sanctified. Past time cannot be used. It is gone
forever. The blessing and sanctification of the day, therefore, must
have related to the future- to all the future seventh days.
In Joel 1:14 we read: "Sanctify [i. e., appoint] ye a fast, call a
solemn assembly, gather the elders and all the inhabitants of the land
into the house of the Lord." Wherever used in the Bible, the word
sanctify means to appoint, to proclaim, or to set apart, as in the
margin of Joshua 20:7; , 2 Kings 10:20,21; Zeph. 1:7. So when the
Sabbath was sanctified, as the last act by which it was made for man, an
appointment, or proclamation, of the Sabbath was given. See Ex. 19:23.
"If we had no other passage than this of Gen. 2:3, there would be no
difficulty in deducing from it a precept for the universal observance of
a Sabbath, or seventh day, to be devoted to God as holy time, by all of
that race for whom the earth and its nature were specially prepared. The
first men must have known it. The words He hallowed it can have no
meaning otherwise. They would be a blank unless in reference to some who
were required to keep it holy."- Lange's Commentary, Vol. I, page 197.
9. How did God prove Israel in the wilderness?
"Then said the Lord unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from
heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate
every day; that I may prove them, whether they will walk in My law, or
no." Ex. 16:4.
10. On which day was a double portion of manna gathered?
"And it came
to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered
twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the
congregation came and told Moses." Verse 22.
11. What reply did Moses make to the rulers?
"And he said unto them,
This is that which the Lord hath said, Tomorrow is the rest of the holy
Sabbath unto the Lord." Verse 23.
NOTE.-This was a full month and more before they came to Sinai.
had God said this?
In the beginning, when He sanctified the Sabbath. Gen. 2:3.
the wilderness of Sin, before Israel came to Sinai, Moses
said to Jethro, his father-in-law, "I do make them know the statutes of
and His laws" (Ex. 18:16), which shows that these statutes
and laws existed before they were proclaimed on Sinai.
13. What did some of the people do on the seventh day?
"It came to
pass, that there went out some of the people on the
seventh day for to gather, and they found none." Ex. 16:27.
14. How did
God reprove their disobedience?
"And the Lord said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep My
commandments and My laws?" Verse 28.
15. Why was double manna given on the sixth day?
"See, for that the Lord hath given you the Sabbath, therefore He giveth
you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his
place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day." Verse 29.
16. How, then, did the Lord prove the people (verse 4) whether they
would keep His law, or not?
Over the keeping of the Sabbath.
NOTE.-Thus we see that the Sabbath commandment was a part of
God's law before this law was spoken from Sinai; for this incident
occurred in the wilderness of Sin, before the children of Israel came to
Sinai, where the law was given. Both the Sabbath and the law existed
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